Till the late 1980s, small-scale, artisanal fishing was prevalent in Thiruvananthapuram. With the advent of mechanized boats and other innovative methods of fishing, indigenous practices were gradually sidelined. Now only a small section of the community engages in artisanal fishing and Thiruvananthapuram is probably the only coastal area in Kerala where it is still practised.
Banni, the largest stretch of grassland in India, is located on the southern border of the Great Rann of Kachchh, Gujarat. A large tract of Banni converts into seasonal wetland during good monsoon years which attracts large numbers of migratory avi-fauna from different parts of the world. Banni is an important grazing land for the livestock of the Maldhari communities of Kachchh.
Manas National Park is situated in the state of Assam, at the foothills of the Himalayas. The Park has a Project Tiger Reserve, a Biosphere Reserve, an Elephant Reserve as well as Important Bird Areas (IBA). The Park provides habitat for 22 of India’s most threatened animals listed in Schedule 1 of India’s national Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.
The Keoladeo National Park is the wintering ground of an enormous congregation of migratory waterfowl, including the highly endangered Siberian Crane. The park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985 and a Ramsar site in 1981.