Natural Environment

 
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Till the late 1980s, small-scale, artisanal fishing was prevalent in Thiruvananthapuram. With the advent of mechanized boats and other innovative methods of fishing, indigenous practices were gradually sidelined. Now only a small section of the community engages in artisanal fishing and Thiruvananthapuram is probably the only coastal area in Kerala where it is still practised.   The artisanal...
 
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Banni, the largest stretch of grassland in India, is located on the southern border of the Great Rann of Kachchh, Gujarat. A large tract of Banni converts into seasonal wetland during good monsoon years which attracts large numbers of migratory avi-fauna from different parts of the world. Banni is an important grazing land for the livestock of the Maldhari communities of Kachchh.
 
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Manas National Park is situated in the state of Assam, at the foothills of the Himalayas. The Park has a Project Tiger Reserve, a Biosphere Reserve, an Elephant Reserve as well as Important Bird Areas (IBA). The Park provides habitat for 22 of India’s most threatened animals listed in Schedule 1 of India’s national Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.
 
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The Keoladeo National Park is the wintering ground of an enormous congregation of migratory waterfowl, including the highly endangered Siberian Crane. The park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985 and a Ramsar site in 1981.
 
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The Yamuna Biodiversity Park is situated near Wazirabad village on the flat alluvial plains of the Yamuna. The Park is a site of biologically rich wetlands, grassland communities, a wide variety of fruit-yielding species, and an abundance of medicinal herbs.

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