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A Brief History of Pre-Liberalization Children's Television in India

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Pre-Liberalization Children’s Television in India
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Author Name: 
Sashank Kini
About the Author: 
Sashank Kini, Research assistant at MICA, Ahmedabad, is a researcher, writer and educator specializing in children's studies and media culture.
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Title : 
Doordarshan Launches in India
Text: 

On 15th September 1959, public broadcaster Doordarshan launches in Delhi.

Date: 
1959
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Doordarshan Logo (Source: DD India Website)
Title : 
The Delhi School TV Project
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Classroom instructional programmes for secondary and higher secondary school children. 

Date: 
1961
Title : 
Doordarshan Mumbai Launch
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Launch of Doordarshan Mumbai Kendra on 2nd October 1972 brings 4 children's shows: Kilbil (in Marathi), Khel Khilone (in Hindi), Santakukadi (in Gujarati), and Magic Lamp (in English). 

Date: 
1972
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A production still of Magic Lamp
Title : 
Ek, Anek aur Ekta
Text: 

Film Division India's 7 minute short film airs on Doordarshan. 

Date: 
1974
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Ek, Anek aur Ekta (Source:Youtube.com)
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ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization)
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2 landmark initiatives by ISRO - SITE (Satellite Instructional Television Experiment) and Kheda Communications Project - air children's shows. 

Date: 
1975
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Source: The Hindu
Title : 
DD National
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Doordarshan becomes a National Broadcaster. 

Date: 
1984
Title : 
Ghayab Aya
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India's first homegrown serialized animation. 

Date: 
1986
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Source: Free Online India
Title : 
Dada Dadi Ki Kahaaniyan
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Hindi children's fantasy series by Ramanand Sagar. 

Date: 
1986
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Source: Youtube
Title : 
Malgudi Days
Text: 

The Swami and Friends series of Malgudi Days, Shankar Nag's television adaptation of RK Narayan's novels, becomes hugely popular among children. 

Date: 
1987
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Source: Youtube
Title : 
Ek, Do, Teen, Chaar
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Doordarshan's mystery show for children. 

Date: 
1987
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Source: Youtube
Title : 
Indradhanush
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A science fiction show for children inspired by the American film series Back to The Future

Date: 
1988
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Source: Youtube
Title : 
Sair Sapata
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A live-action show which involved children visiting places of their interest (e.g. museums) 

Date: 
1990
Title : 
Economic Liberalization of India
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Economic liberalization of India in 1991 opens the gates to private players. 

Date: 
1991
Title : 
Potli Baba Ki
Text: 

A puppetry based show by Sanjit Ghosh. 

Date: 
1992
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Source: Youtube
Title : 
Jungle Book
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Adaptation of Japanese anime Jungle Book Shōnen Mowgli.

Date: 
1993
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Source: Livemint
Title : 
Hamari Zameen Hamara Aasman
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Children's mystery show. 

Date: 
1993
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Vartamaan
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First Indian show using 3D animation. 

Date: 
1994
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Source: Youtube
Title : 
Cartoon Network Hits India
Text: 

American media conglomerate Turner Broadcasting System launches the first Indian channel for children. 

Date: 
1995
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Source: Wikipedia