Sarkhej Roza

in Module
Published on: 10 April 2019

Sharmishtha Agarwal

Sharmishtha Agarwal is an architect, who graduated from the Sushant School of Art and Architecture, Gurgaon in 2014. Since then, she has been working on various residential, housing, landscape and institutional projects. She worked as a research associate on the book ‘Celebrating Public Spaces of India’ which was published in October 2016. Her interests lie in work related to research, cultural development and architecture design.

Sarkhej Roza is one of the most unique and elegant architectural complexes in India. Located in the village of Makarba, about 7 km south-west of Ahmedabad, it has been referred to as 'Ahmedabad’s Acropolis' by architect Le Corbusier. The complex is the final resting place of Sufi saint Hazrat Shaikh Ahmed Khattu, revered as the patron saint of Ahmedabad. It consists of small palaces and pavilions and is one of the only monuments in western India to have a large waterbody attached to it.


The buildings in Sarkhej are an amalgamation of Islamic and Hindu styles of architecture. While the pillars, ringed domes and brackets are manifestations of the Islamic style, the ornamentation and motifs signify Hindu designs. Thus, Sarkhej Roza is an example of early Indo-Saracenic style of architecture.


The complex brings together three distinct spatial categories—royal, religious and social—with the palace and tombs forming the royal space, the mosque the religious and the pavilions the social. The complex is a significant product of the socio-political history of Gujarat, the village of Sarkhej essentially being the home of weavers and indigo dyers.