22 Sep 2018 - 10:00 to 12:00
Itanagar , Arunachal Pradesh
Of the many shared histories and cultures of India’s
22 Sep 2018 - 16:30 to 18:00
Varanasi , Uttar Pradesh
Varanasi has many spiritual connotations, and each of these
23 Sep 2018 - 07:00 to 09:00
Gwalior , Madhya Pradesh
  This heritage trail will begin from the south-east

Workspace

Bibliography

Select Bibliography

 

Primary texts

 

Adhyātma Rāmāyaa. 1992. Edited and translated in Hindi by Munnilal. Gorakhpur: Gita Press.

Ānanda Rāmāyaa. 1977. Edited by PanditYugal Kishor Dvivedi with commentary ‘Jyotsnā’ by Pandey Ramrej Sastri. Varanasi: Pandita Pustakalaya.

Bhāsa. Pratimānāṭakam. 1988. Edited and translated by M.R. Kale. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Bhavabhuti, 2007. Rama’s Last Act. Translated by Sheldon Pollock. New York: New Yok University Press.

Candrābatī. 2013. A Woman’s Rāmāyaa: Candrāvatī’s Bengali Epic. Edited and translated by Mandakranta Bose and Sarika Priyadarshini Bose. New York: Routledge.

Dutt, Michael Madhusudan. 1999. Madhusūdan Racanābalī. Kolkata: Tuli Kalam.

The Jātaka (Vols I-VI). 2002, Translated by E.B. Cowell and W.H.D. Rouse. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Kālidāsa. 1988. Raghuvaṃśa. Edited and translated by C.R.Devadhar. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Kampan. 2013.  The Kamba Ramayana. Edited by N.S.Jagannathan and translated by P.S. Sundaram. Delhi: Penguin India.

Ojhā, Kṛttibāsa, 1926, Kttibāsī Rāmāyaa, Kolkata: Basumati Sahitya Mandir.

Sūri, Vimala. 1962. Ācārya Vimalasūri’s Paumacariyam (Vols I-II). Edited by H. Jacobi. Varanasi.

Tulsīdās. 1999. Shri Ramacharitamanasa:  The Holy Lake of the Acts of Rama. 1999. Edited and Translated into Hindi and English by R. C. Prasad. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Vālmīki. 1960-1975. The Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Critical Edition. 7 vols.  Baroda: Oriental Institute.  General editors: G. H. Bhatt and U. P. Shah.

Vālmīki. 1984. The Rāmāyaṇa (Vol. I), ‘Bālakāṇḍa’. Translated by Robert P. Goldman. New Jersey :Princeton University Press.

Vālmīki. 1986. The Rāmāyaṇa (Vol. II), ‘Ayodhyākāṇḍa’. Translated by Sheldon Pollock. New Jersey :Princeton University Press.

Vālmīki. 2006. The Rāmāyaṇa (Vol III), ‘Arayakāṇḍa’ (The Forest). Translated by Sheldon Pollock.  New York: New York University Press.

Vālmīki. 2005. The Rāmāyaṇa (Vol IV), ‘Kikindhākāṇḍa’ (Kishkindha). Translated by Rosalind Lefeber.  New York: New York University Press.

Vālmīki. 2005. The Rāmāyaṇa (Vol. V), ‘Sundarakāṇḍa’ (Sundara). Translated by Robert P. Goldman and Sally J. Sutherland Goldman. New York: New York University Press.

Vālmīki. 2010. The Rāmāyaṇa (Vol. VI), ‘Yuddhakāṇḍa’. Translated by Robert P. Goldman, Sally J. Sutherland Goldman, and Barend A. van Nooten. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Vyāsa. 1973. The Mahabharata (Vol. II). Translated by J. A.B. van Buitenen. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

Secondary texts

 

Aklujkar, Vidyut. 2000.‘Crying Dogs and Laughing Trees in Rama’s Kingdom: Self-reflexivity in Ānanda Rāmāyaa’ in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 83-103. New Delhi, Oxford University Press.

 

Aklujkar, Vidyut. 2000.  ‘The Framing of the Shrew: Kaikeyī as Kalahā in the Ānanda-Rāmāyaṇa’ in A Varied Optic: Contemporary Studies on the Rāmāyaa, ed. Mandakranta Bose. pp.103-122. Vancouver: Institute of Asian Research, The University of British Columbia.

Bhaduri, Nrisinhaprasad. 2004. Vālmīkir Rāma o Rāmāyaa, Kolkata: Ananda.

 

Bhargava, PL. 1976. ‘The Original Home of the Ikṣvākus’ in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, no.:  64-66.

 

Bhattacharji, Sukumari. 2002. ‘A Revaluation of Vālmīki’s Rāma’ in Social Scientist, 30 (1/2): 31-49.

 

Brockington, John. 1984. Righteous Rama, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Brockington, John. 1998. The Sanskrit Epics, Leiden: Brill.

 

Brockington, John. 2000. Epic Threads, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Blackburn, Stuart H. 2012. ‘Creating Conversations: The Rāma Story as Puppet Play in Kerala’ in Many Rāmāyaas, ed. Paula Richman, pp.156- 174. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Bulcke, Camille. 1952-1953. ‘The Genesis of the Bālakāṇḍa’ in Journal of the Oriental Institute, Baroda, 2, 327-331.

                                                                                                 

Bulcke, C. 1928. ‘About Vālmīki’ in Journal of the Oriental Institute, Baroda, Vol. VIII, No. 2: 121-124.

 

Bulcke, C. 1950. Rāmakathā, Allahabad: Prayaga Vishvavidyalaya.

 

Dayal, Naina. 2001 ‘On the Premiere performances of the Rāmāyaṇa of Vālmīki’ in Insights and Interventions: Essays in Honour of Uma Chakarvarti, ed. Kumkum Roy, Delhi: Primus Books.

 

Deb Sen, Nabanita. 2010. ‘Nārīr Mahākāvya, Rāmakathār Punaḥkathan: Candrābati Rāmāyaṇa’ in Rāmāyaṇa Carcā: Bhārate o Bahirbhārate, ed. Tapas Bhowmik, pp. 256-266. Kolkata: Korak.

 

Desai, Subhadra. 2008. Music in Vālmīki’s Rāmāyaṇa, Gurgaon: Shubhi Publications.

 

Freeman, Rich. 2000. ‘Thereupon Hangs a Tail: The Deification of Bāli in the Teyyam Worship of Malabar’ in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 187-222. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Ghosh, J.C.1928.‘Ravana’s Laṅkā Located in Central India’, in Indian Historical Quarterly, Vol. V, No.2, pp. 255-256.

 

Erndl, Kathleen, M. 2012. ‘The Mutilation of Surpanakha’ in Many Rāmāyaas, ed. Paula Richman. pp. 67-88. New Delhi, Oxford University Press.

 

Goldman, Robert P. and Sally J. Sutherland Goldman. 1994. ‘Vālmīki’s Hanumān: Characterization and Occluded Divinity in the Rāmāyaa’ in Journal of Vaishnava Studies, Vol.2, No.4: 31-54.

 

Goldman, Robert P. and Sally J. Sutherland Goldman. 2004. ‘Rāmāyaṇa’ in The Hindu World, eds. Shushil Mittal and Gene Thutsby, pp. 75-96. New York: Routledge.

 

Goldman, Robert, P. 1976, ‘Vālmīki and the Bhṛgu Connection’ in Journal of the American Oriental Society, 96 (1): 97-101.

 

Goldman, Robert P., 1978, ‘Fathers, Sons and Gurus: Oedipal Conflicts in the Sanskrit Epics’ in Journal of Indian Philosophy, 6: 32-392.

 

Goldman, Robert P. 1997. ‘Of Time and the Epic: The Rāmāyaṇa’s Trajectory from Ādikāvya to National Epic’ in Le Sourceset le Temps: Sources and Time, ed. Francois Grimal, pp.213-227. Pondicherry: Institut Francais de Pondicherry.

 

Goldman, Robert P. 1997. ‘Ea Dharma Sanātana: Shifting Moral Values and the Indian Epics’ in Relativism, Suffering and Beyond: Essays in Memory of Bimal K. Matilal, eds. P. Bilimoria and J.N. Mohanty, pp.187-223. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Goldman, Robert, P. 2000. ‘Rāvaṇa’s Kitchen: A Testimony of Desire and the Other’ in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 105-118. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Goldman, Robert P. 2000, ‘The Ghost from the Anthill: Vālmīki and the Destiny of the Rāmakathā in South And Southeast Asia’ in A Varied Optic: Contemporary Studies on the Rāmāyaa, ed. Mandakranta Bose. pp.11-30. Vancouver: Institute of Asian Research, The University of British Columbia.

 

Goldman, Robert, P. 2008. ‘The Spirit of the Age: Social Vision and Historical Perspective in the Mahābharata and the Vālmīkirāmāyaa’ in Śrutimahatī: Glory of Sanskrit Tradition (Ram Karan Sharma Felecitation Volume), ed. Radhavallabh Tripathi, pp. 305-322. Delhi: Pratibha Prakashan, Vol 1.

                     

Goldman, Sally J. Sutherland. 1998. ‘Sītā and Draupadī: Aggressive Behaviour and Female Role-Models in the Sanskrit Epics’ in Journal of the American Oriental Society, 109 (1), pp. 63-79.

 

Goldman, Sally J. Sutherland. 2000. ‘Anklets Away: The Symbolism of Jewelry and Ornamentation in Vālmīki’s Rāmāyaṇa’ in A Varied Optic: Contemporary Studies on the Rāmāyaa, ed. Mandakranta Bose. pp.125-153. Vancouver: Institute of Asian Research, The University of British Columbia.

 

Goldman, Sally J. Sutherland. 2000. ‘ The Voice of Sītā in Valmiki’s Sundarakanda’ in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 222-238. New Delhi, Oxford University Press.

 

Goldman, Sally J. Sutherland. 2004. ‘Gendered Narratives: Gender, Space and Narrative Structures in Vālmīki’s Bālakāṇḍa’ in The Rāmāyaa Revisited, ed. Mandakranta Bose, pp. 47-85. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.  

                        

Hess, Linda. 1999. ‘Rejecting Sītā: Indian Response to the Ideal Man’s Cruel Treatment of His Ideal Wife’ in the Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 67 (1): 1-32.

 

Guruge, A. 1969.  The Society of the Ramayana, New Delhi: Abhinav Publications.

 

Kelly, John. 2000. ‘Fiji’s Fifth Veda: Exile, Sanatan Dharm, and Countercolonial Initiatives in Diaspora’ in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 329-352. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Kishwar, Madhu. 2000. ‘Yes to Sita, No to Ram: The Continuing Hold of Sita on Popular Imagination in India’ in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 285-308. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Lal, B.B. 1981. ‘The Two Indian Epics vis-a-vis Archaeology’ in Antiquity, LV: 27-34.

 

Lamb, Ramdas. 2012. ‘Personalizing the Rāmāyaa: Rāmnāmīs and their Use of the Rāmcaritmānas’ in Many Rāmāyaas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 235-256. New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2012.

 

Leslie, Julia. 1998. ‘A Bird Bereaved: The Identity and Significance of Valmiki’s Krauñca, in Journal of Indian Philosophy, 26: 455-487.

 

Lutgendorf, Philip. 1990. “Ramayan: The Video.” TDR (The Drama Review: A Journal of Performance Studies) 34:2 (T126): 127-76.

 

Lutgendorf, Philip. 1991. The Life of a Text: Performing the Ramcaritmanas. Berkeley: University of California Press.

 

Lutgendorf, Philip. 1994. ‘My Hanuman is Bigger Than Yours’ in History of Religions, Vol.33, No.3: 211-245.

 

Lutgendorf, Philip. 2000. ‘Dinning Out at Lake Pampa: The Shabari Episode in Multiple Ramayanas’, in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 119-136. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Lutgendorf, Philip. 2012. ‘The Secret Life of Rāmcandra of Ayodhyā’ in Many Rāmāyaas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 217-234. New Delhi, Oxford University Press.

 

Miller, Barbara Stoler. 1973. ‘The Original Poem: Vālmīki Rāmāyaa and Indian Literary Values’ in Literature East and West, 17: 163-173.

 

Nilsson, Usha. 2000. ‘Grinding Millet but Singing of Sita: Power and Domination in Awadhi and Bhojpuri Women’s songs’ in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 137-151. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

                                

Pathak, V.  1962. History of Kosala. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

 

Pollock, Sheldon, ‘The Divine King in the Indian Epic’ in Journal of the American Oriental Society, 104, No.3: 505-528.

 

Pollock, Sheldon. 1993. ‘Rāmāyaṇa and Political Imagination in India’ in The Journal of Asian Sudies, 52, No.2: 261-297.

 

Ramdas, G. 1929-30. “Rāvaṇa and his Tribes” in Indian Historical Quarterly, Vol. V, No.2: 282-98; Vol. VI: 284 ff.

                                                   

Ramanaujan, A.K. 2012. ‘Three Hundred Rāmāyaas: Five Examples and Three Thoughts on Translation’ in Many Rāmāyaas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 22-49. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Rao, Velcheru Narayana, 2000. ‘The Politics of Telegu Rāmāyaas: Colonialism, Print Culture, and Literary Movements’ in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 159-222. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Rao, Velcheru Narayana. 2012. ‘A Rāmāyaa of their Own: Woman’s Oral Tradition’ in Many Rāmāyaas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 114-136. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Reynolds, Frank, E. 2012. ‘Rāmāyaa, Rāma Jātaka and Rāmakien: A Comparative Study of Hindu and Buddhist Traditions’ in Many Rāmāyaas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 50-63. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Richman, Paula. 2000. ‘Questioning and Multiplicity within the Ramayana in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 1-21. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Richman, Paula. 2000. ‘The Ramlīlā Migrates to Southall’ in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 309-328. New Delhi, Oxford University Press.

 

Richman, Paula. 2012. ‘E.V. Ramasami’s Reading of the Rāmāyaa’ in Many Rāmāyaas, Paula Richman, ed. pp.175-201. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Richman, Paula. 2012. ‘Introduction: The Diversity of the Rāmāyaa Tradition’ in Many Rāmāyaas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 3-21. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Sankalia, H.D. 1973. Rāmāyaa: Myth or Reality, New Delhi: People’s Publishing House.

 

Seely, Clinton. 2012. ‘The Rājā’s New Clothes: Redressing Rāvaṇa in Meghanādavadhakāvya’ in Many Rāmāyaas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 137-155. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Shaw, Julia. 2000. ‘Ayodhya’s Sacred Landscape: Ritual Memory, Politics and Archaeological ‘Facts’, in Antiquity, LXXIV.

 

Shende, N.J. 1943. ‘The Authorship of the Rāmāyaa, in Journal of the University of Bombay. Vol. 12, No.2: 19-24.

 

Shulman, David. 2000. ‘ Bhavabhūti on Cruelty and Compassion’ in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 309-328. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Shulman, David. 2001. “Toward a Historical Poetics of the Sanskrit Epics” in The Wisdom of Poets: Studies in Tamil, Telegu and Sanskrit, ed. David Shulman. Oxford University Press: New Delhi.

 

Shulman, David. 2012. ‘Fire and Flood: The Testing of Sītā in Kampan’s Irāmāvatāram’ in Many Rāmāyaas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 89-113. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Sinha, Kanad. 2011. ‘A Tale of Three Couples and their Poet: Rāmakathā, Love and Vālmīki in South Asian Tradition’ in Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences Vol. XVIII, Nos. 1 and 2: 43-81.

 

Smith, William L. 2004. ‘Rāmāyaa Textual Traditions in Eastern India’ in The Rāmāyaa Revisited, ed. Mandakranta Bose, pp. 87-106. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Stewart, Tony K and Edward C. Dimock, 2000. ‘Kṛttibāsa’s Apophatic Critique of Rāma’s Kingship’ in Questioning Ramayanas, Paula Richman, ed. pp. 243-264. New Delhi, Oxford University Press.

 

Tagore, Rabindranath. 1961. ‘Bhāṣā o Chanda’, Kahinī in Rabīndra Racanābalī, Centenary Edition (Vol. III), pp.913-916. Shantiniketan: Visvabharati.

 

Tagore, Rabindranath. 1961. ‘Kabijībanī’, Sāhitya in Rabīndra Racanābalī, Centenary Edition (Vol. XIII), pp. 881-883. Shantiniketan: Visvabharati.

 

Tagore, Rabindranath. 1961. ‘Puraskār’, Sonār Tarī in Rabīndra Racanābalī, Centenary Edition (Vol. I), pp. 417-433. Shantiniketan: Visvabharati.

 

Tagore, Rabindranath. 1961. ‘Rāmāyaṇa’, Prācīn Sāhitya in Rabīndra Racanābalī, Centenary Edition (Vol. XIII), pp. 109-113. Shantiniketan: Visvabharati.

Thapar, Romila. 1978. Exile and the Kingdom. Bangalore: The Mythic Society.

 

Thapar, Romila. 1982. ‘The Rāmāyaa: Theme and Variation’ in India: History and Thought, ed. S.N. Mukherjee, pp.221-252. Calcutta: Subarnarekha.

 

Thapar, Romila, 1984. From Lineage to State: Social Formations in the Mid-First Millennium B.C. in The Ganga Valley. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Thapar, Romila. 2000. ‘Foreword’ in Questioning Ramayanas, ed. Paula Richman, pp. vii-xii. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

 

Thapar, Romila. 2013. The Past Before Us. Ranikhet: Permanent Black.

 

Tiwary, Rambahal. 2010. ‘Tulsīdāser Rāmcaritmānaser Ekdik’ in Rāmāyaa Carcā: Bhārate o Bahirbhārate, ed. Tapas Bhowmik, Kolkata: Korak.

 

Vaudeville, Charlotte. 1963. ‘Rāmāyaa Studies I: the Krauñcavadha Episode in the Vālmīki Rāmāyaa’, in Journal of the American Oriental Society, 83:. 327-335.

 

Washburn Hopkins. E. 1926. ‘The Original Rāmāyaṇa’, in Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol.46: 202-219.

 

Winternitz, M. 1985-1993. History of Indian Literature (Vols. I-III). Delhi: Motilal Banarshidass.