Burials/memorials, called megaliths in archaeological terminology, are one of the most common archaeological remains found in Kerala. While the practice of raising monuments of large (mega) stones (liths) was prevalent in many parts of Peninsular India, the monuments of the region show high architectural variability. Monument types like kudakals and topikkals are unique to the region. The built feature of the megaliths often houses burial goods, such as various types of ceramic vessels, iron tools and beads. Varying local names as well as myths and traditions are associated with these monuments. This module will familiarise the reader with this cultural practice of the past through visual and textual aids; introduce the different monument types and associated archaeological materials, and place them in the larger scene of the region’s past; and delve into the ways in which archaeologists make sense of these remains through an accessible presentation of selected themes.