Sangam Literature

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Kalaiyarasan A. and Shruti Ragavan
In January 2017, protests and demonstrations were held across Tamil Nadu challenging the 2014 ­Supreme Court (SC) ban on a rural traditional sport—Jallikattu. Alongside the movement, a debate raged in electronic and print media (both in English and Tamil) on the history, politics and ethics of…
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Aravindhan C. and Rabboni Rabi
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Shruti Ragavan
The following text is based on an interview with Rahul by Vasudev R. and Vivek R. at Vadipatti, in the Madurai district of Tamil Nadu, in December 2017.[i]  It provides a first-hand account of a group of young men, belonging to different caste groups, who came together in order to create and…
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Kalaiyarasan A.
The massive protests of Tamils against the ban on Jallikattu, a bull-taming sport held during the harvest festival of Pongal, attracted much attention across the world in 2017. This sport, which till then had been prevalent among only a small number of communities in a few districts in southern…
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Kalaiyarasan A. and Shruti Ragavan
Jallikattu is a festival/sport celebrated in rural Tamil Nadu on the occasion of the harvest festival Pongal, where men engage in a contest to try and catch a running bull’s hump in order to secure a pouch of coins hung around the bull’s horn. In light of the Supreme Court ban on the festival in…
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Dr. Rachel A Varghese
Burials/memorials, called megaliths in archaeological terminology, are one of the most common archaeological remains found in Kerala. While the practice of raising monuments of large (mega) stones (liths) was prevalent in many parts of Peninsular India, the monuments of the region show high…
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Abul Kalam Azad
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Indira Parthasarathy
‘Cilappadikaram’, which means, ‘the story centering around the anklet’ (an ornament worn by young Tamil girls before they are married, as vouched for by the Sangam poems), is an unusual and unconventional literary work, as it could be aptly described as both a play and an epic.     The title of…
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P.S. Sriraman
  The Chola royalty zealously built many stone temples all over their kingdom. The Rajarajesvaram is the grandest of all Chola temples. The exact year in which Rajaraja I (AD 985-1014) commenced the massive exercise of constructing Rajarajesvaram is not recorded anywhere. Apart from conceptualizing…
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