Jute is a natural fibre produced from plants, also called as the ‘golden fibre’ due to its shiny golden colour. It is commonly referred to as Pat (Tossa pat, Sadha pat) in Bengali and Hindi, Mar pat in Assamese, Jhota in Oriya, Chanapai in Tamil, Janumu in Telegu, Chanambu in Malayalam, Joot in Marathi, Moti in Gujarati and Patsan in Punjabi. The fibre is extracted from the bark of the stem of various jute species and goes through an elaborate processing cycle before becoming a finished jute product. Environment-friendly and bio-degradable, jute is an important cash crop for India and Bangladesh, exported to many foreign countries. This module covers the various aspects that make jute such an important natural resource.