The Pandharpur wari is a 21-day pilgrimage procession from various parts of Maharashtra to Pandharpur, the abode of Lord Vitthal. While the wari culminates on Ashadi Ekadashi, the revelry continues on till Guru Purnima. Attracting lakhs of devotees each year, we give an overview of this 800-year-…
Kannada poet, scholar and theatre exponent K. Marulasiddappa speaks about the origins of Kannada literature in Jaina literature and philosophy, as opposed to Vedic origins. The shift to Shaivite traditions, the development of a parallel Vaishnavite tradition and the evolution of musical systems…
L. Hanumanthaiah, Kannada poet and scholar, speaks of the social origins and preoccupations of the Vachana movement, and the advent of Veerashaivism as a social solvent of the caste system. He notes the present reification of Veerashaivism as being contrary to its original impetus, and stresses on…
Kannada poet, literary scholar and translator H.S. Shivaprakash delineates the trajectory of Bhakti traditions, and specifically, Vachana literature. He delves into the social impulses and religious needs that drove and sustained the Vachana movement and identifies its basic principles and the…
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H.S. Shivaprakash is a well-known poet, playwright and translator from Karnataka. He is currently Professor, Theatre and Performance Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
Varsha: How do we define or understand the vachanas, especially in relation to the wider canon of Kannada…
Akkamahadevi’s vachanas (Compilations in Kannada):
Basavaraju, L. 1972. ed. Akkana Vachanagalu (2nd ed.). Mysore: Geetha Book House.
Hiremath, R.C. 1973. ed. Mahadeviyakkana Vachanagalu. Dharwar: Karnatak University.
Halakatti, Pha. Gu. 1926. ed. Shree Mahadeviyakkana Vachanagalu. Vijapura:…
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The Bhakti movement that flourished across various literary cultures, gave rise to a distinct genre of expression in Kannada. This was the vachana, loosely understood as free verse poems or sayings, which arose within the Kannada literary tradition during the 12th century sharana movement.…