29 Sep 2018 - 08:00 to 09:30
Lucknow , Uttar Pradesh
Lucknow, a city known for its nawabs and kababs is profound in
29 Sep 2018 - 11:00 to 13:30
The Air Force Museum, located in 7th mile, upper Shillong,
29 Sep 2018 - 14:00 to 16:00
Exquisite bronze sculptures were produced in the Tamil country


Pithora of Rathva

Community Name

Babo Pithoro Bhitti Chitra ('Baba Pithora Wall Painting')


Practised by

Rathva, Nayak and Tadvi communities


Geographical location
  • Chhota Udepur District, Gujarat
  • Panchmahal District, Gujarat
  • Dahod District, Gujarat
Process and Materials
  • Plastering of wall surface with white clay
  • Painting with natural colours mixed with milk of cow or goat and alcohol prepared from mahuda tree
  • Brushes made of bamboo or roots of kesuda tree
  • In contemporary times, available on canvas in various sizes prepared using synthetic colours
Important deities in painting


  • Horse of Baba Ganeh (Rathva version of Lord Ganesh)
  • Horse of Baba Ind (Lord Indra)
  • Horse of Baba Pithora
  • Horse of Pithori Rani
  • Horse of Rani Kajal
  • Horse of Rani Kali Koyal
  • Baar Matha no Dhani ('The Enlightened One with Twelve Heads')
  • Lakhari-Jokhari
  • Purvaj na Panch Ghoda ('Five Horses of the Ancestors')
Who undertakes the ritual?

Ghardhani ('home-owner': 'ghar' means home, 'dhani', lord or owner). He/She is a member of Rathvi community.

Who performs the ritual?

The Bhuva or Badvva (shaman) performs and oversees all rituals and ceremonies of Baba Pithora.

Who paints the Pithora?

Lakhara (in Rathvi language, the word 'lakhara' refers to a creative individual, often associated with the person who paints the Pithora)

Did you know?

Rathva never use the word ‘paint’ while referring to Pithora painting. The word associated with Pithora is  ‘lakhan’, meaning ‘to write’. The Rathva view Baba Pithora painting as a medium of writing about their culture, mythology, religion, history and expression.